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In India, the Ash gourd is a very popular vegetable that is grown all over the country. The nutrient-dense ash gourd is rich in vitamins A and C.

How to Grow Ash Gourd:

The Ash Gourd prefers warm, temperate climates. The ideal temperature for Ash Gourd plants to grow quickly is between 25 and 30 degrees Celsius. The Ash Gourd requires full sunlight. Use a container with drainage holes at the bottom of your choice. Fill the container with the appropriate soil potting layers and the growing material of your choice. Sow two seeds in the pot’s center.

Climate Requirements:

It’s a warm-weather crop that flourishes in tropical climates with temperatures ranging from 77 to 85 degrees Fahrenheit (25-30C). It’ll also work well in areas with a lot of rain and humidity. Extreme cold and frost should be avoided; the ash gourd is sensitive to damage under such conditions. If you’re growing them in containers, it’s best to bring them indoors to keep them safe.


Seeds, pots, the ground, or seedling trays are all used to propagate the ash gourd. Soaking the seeds overnight before sowing increases the odds of good germination. Thin out the weak leaves as soon as the young plants have 5-6 leaves. They’ll be ready to transplant in 2-3 weeks after seeding.

Fertilizer Requirement:

The ash gourd is a low-maintenance plant that can thrive without fertilizer. Even yet, if the soil is deficient in nutrients, you can use an all-purpose fertilizer when planting. Fertilize the plant again if it exhibits signs of sluggish growth. Compost or well-rotted aged manure can also be used to improve the soil. Regular organic matter additions will also benefit the plant.

Pest Management:

Plants can be severely harmed by red beetles, fruit flies, caterpillars, and aphids. Spraying a jet of neem oil combination on them will take care of them. Also, be wary of the mosaic virus, powdery mildew, and downy mildew when cultivating ash gourd. To protect the plant from these illnesses, avoid pouring water on the leaves. If it’s infected, pull it out.

Water Requirement:

Water every 3-4 days during the early stages of growth. Increase the frequency to every other day as the plant begins to blossom and fruit. Overwatering the plant might result in root rot.


For best results, choose a location that receives full sun. Protect the plant from the afternoon sun during the hot summer months. Because it’s a vining plant, you’ll need to give it enough room to spread out or place it near a fence or wall for support.

Item Value
Growing Temperature 24 – 31 °C
Germination Temperature 25-30 °C Ideal
Germination Time 5-10 days
Soil pH 6.0 to 6.5
Sunlight Need 6-8 hours per day (Sun-loving Plant)
Preferred Planting Method Direct sowing/ Transplanting
Container size 30-40 liter
Time to Harvest 90-100 days from germination depending on the variety
Harvest Period  90-100days
Pollination bee pollination or hand pollination
Typical Pests Fruit Flies, Pumpkin Caterpillar, Red beetle, Aphids
Typical Diseases Downy mildew, Powdery mildew, Cercospora leaf spot, Fusarium wilt
Best season to grow in India January to March, September to December

Additional information

Weight 0.05 kg
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