“Follow Our Traditional Cultivation & Have Healthy Lifestyle”

Bitter gourd is a climber, hence it requires a trellis system to thrive. However, because the plant and its fruits are small in weight, they can be grown on any trellis system.

How to Grow Bitter Gourd:

To sow the seeds, dig a 1/2-inch hole in the dirt, lay the seeds down on their side, and cover them with loose soil. Water gradually to avoid disturbing the soil and exposing the seed. Maintain constant moisture in the soil. In a 15-liter pot, you can put 4-5 seeds. When seedlings have produced at least four genuine leaves, keep 1-2 plants in a 15-liter pot and remove the others.

Climate Requirements:

Bitter gourd is a vegetable that grows throughout the summer. However, in really hot weather, it is preferable to cultivate them in partial shade. Fruits tend to ‘cook’ in the sun at very high temperatures, becoming mushy and dry.

Fertilizer Requirement:

Melon plants will be fed with aged compost. Early in the season, you can also use a slow-release organic fertilizer like 5-10-10 around your plants. During the growth season, side-dress plants with aged compost to boost nutrients and assist the soil to retain moisture. During the growing season, irrigate plants with compost every third week to give them a boost.


Cutworms can be a problem for young bitter gourd plants. When bitter gourd plants are young, it’s a good idea to wrap the base of the plant in aluminum foil. The plant and cutworms will be separated by a physical barrier.

Water Requirement:

Keep bitter melon planting beds evenly moist; fruit development and growth require regular watering.

Item Value
Growing Temperature 25 – 38 °C
Germination Temperature 30-35 °C Ideal
Germination Time 7-12 days
Soil pH 5.5 to 6.7
Sunlight Need 6-8 hours per day (Sun-loving Plant)
Preferred Planting Method Direct sowing
Container size 10-15 liter per plant
Time to Harvest 60-80 days from germination depending on the variety
Harvest Period  30-60 days
Pollination insect/bee pollination
Typical Pests Mexican bean beetle, Mites
Typical Diseases Powdery Mildew
Best season to grow in India March to October


Additional information

Weight 0.05 kg
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