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Bitter Gourd Seeds
- Store seeds in a cool, dry place until you’re ready to sow them.
- Bitter Gourd seeds can be sowed from January to March, June-July.
- Bitter Gourd plants need 5-8 hours of direct sunlight every day to form proper roots.
- Use well-drained Abono potting soil mix with added Abono Coco-peat, and Abono Compost.
- Plants should be spaced 3-4 inches apart in a container for proper root development.
- Bitter Gourd is grown by direct seed sowing in containers.
- Sow seeds about 0.5 cm deep, and plant 2-3 seeds in each planting hole.
- Firm the soil gently after covering the seeds and water them immediately.
- Seeds should germinate within 8-10 days.
- Bitter Gourd can be harvested within 45 days of seed sowing.
“Follow Our Traditional Cultivation & Have Healthy Lifestyle”
Bitter gourd is a climber, hence it requires a trellis system to thrive. However, because the plant and its fruits are small in weight, they can be grown on any trellis system.
How to Grow Bitter Gourd:
To sow the seeds, dig a 1/2-inch hole in the dirt, lay the seeds down on their side, and cover them with loose soil. Water gradually to avoid disturbing the soil and exposing the seed. Maintain constant moisture in the soil. In a 15-liter pot, you can put 4-5 seeds. When seedlings have produced at least four genuine leaves, keep 1-2 plants in a 15-liter pot and remove the others.
Bitter gourd is a vegetable that grows throughout the summer. However, in really hot weather, it is preferable to cultivate them in partial shade. Fruits tend to ‘cook’ in the sun at very high temperatures, becoming mushy and dry.
Melon plants will be fed with aged compost. Early in the season, you can also use a slow-release organic fertilizer like 5-10-10 around your plants. During the growth season, side-dress plants with aged compost to boost nutrients and assist the soil to retain moisture. During the growing season, irrigate plants with compost every third week to give them a boost.
Cutworms can be a problem for young bitter gourd plants. When bitter gourd plants are young, it’s a good idea to wrap the base of the plant in aluminum foil. The plant and cutworms will be separated by a physical barrier.
Keep bitter melon planting beds evenly moist; fruit development and growth require regular watering.
|Growing Temperature||25 – 38 °C|
|Germination Temperature||30-35 °C Ideal|
|Germination Time||7-12 days|
|Soil pH||5.5 to 6.7|
|Sunlight Need||6-8 hours per day (Sun-loving Plant)|
|Preferred Planting Method||Direct sowing|
|Container size||10-15 liter per plant|
|Time to Harvest||60-80 days from germination depending on the variety|
|Harvest Period||30-60 days|
|Typical Pests||Mexican bean beetle, Mites|
|Typical Diseases||Powdery Mildew|
|Best season to grow in India||March to October|